County government is one of the governments closest to the people – some say where the rubber meets the road!
Geographically, counties cover the entire state and provide services to citizens both in and out of city boundaries, whereas cities and towns make up specific geographical areas within counties. Counties also service unincorporated areas within the county lines – parts of the county not serviced by a city or town. Each county government is headquartered in a town known as the “County Seat.”
In Utah there are 29 counties. Some states have hundreds of counties (Texas has the most at 254, while Hawaii has the least at three). Because each county is governed locally, the services provided and structure each is organized under differ based on the needs and desires of local citizens.
This section (About Counties) of the website provides information about much of the organizational structure of counties, but also the history of county government in both the United States and Utah. We also have county-by-county facts and the historical origins of each county.
If you are interested in more of the services counties provide, go to How Counties Work on the main menu bar and scroll down to the service or function that most interests you.